Hebrew coin dating
It's not something that was created in the diaspora." He added that "even if you are a kid in school...they can read 50 percent of the letters." The stone was originally part of a Jewish potter's village dating to the second century BC near Jerusalem.One side of the coin depicts a seven-branched date tree with two bunches of dates with the Hebrew letters “שמע,” apparently referring to Shimon Bar Kochba, leader of the rebellion.
© GALI TIBBON / AFP Israel unveiled Tuesday a stone pillar engraved with an ancient inscription showing that the spelling of Jerusalem in its present-day Hebrew form was already in common use some 2,000 years ago.
The name of the city in that form appears only rarely from the period of the second Jewish temple (first century AD) and usually in religious and political contexts, said David Mevorach of the Israel Museum, where the stone is now being exhibited.
The city's name appears several hundred times in the Bible, almost always in the slightly different form of Yerushalem and only five times as Yerushalayim, said Yuval Baruch of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
"It's not for any religious or messianic or propaganda purposes.
It's a person identifying himself from the city." Baruch said "right now we understand that, for sure, in the second temple period, some people in this area of Jerusalem, when they want to say or to read or to spell the name of the city, they use the same way as we use today, Yerushalayim." "We understand that the name has a very deep root...
It was effective enough that Dio Cassius, a third-century historian, wrote that the Romans had to deploy Roman Legion soldiers from other locations to end the rebellion.